The oldest part of the castle is St. Margaret's Chapel from the 12th century. It's a plain little building outside, but lovely on the inside. It is dedicated to Margaret, Queen of Scotland who was married to Malcolm III. It is thought that her son David I of Scotland, built the chapel in her honor. It is said that in 1093, within days of learning her beloved husband Malcolm had died, Margaret herself died of a broken heart, leaving Scotland without either King or Queen. There are several stained glass windows in the chapel that were added in 1922 as part of the ongoing restoration of the chapel. One window depicts St. Margaret herself and another shows William Wallace.
Next are the two main parts of the castle, the royal residence and the war memorial. The Royal Palace was the main residence of the Stewart kings. This is the building where the crown jewels live. The other interesting thing that is kept there is the Stone of Destiny.
This is the Laich Hall that is still used today for formal functions.
I continued my walk down the Royal Mile to Holyrood Palace. This is the official residence of the Queen when she is in Scotland and has been used as the principle residence of the King or Queen of Scots since the 16th century. The tour takes you through several rooms of the palace, though you aren't allowed to take photos. It was pretty cool though to think that the Queen holds receptions and dinners in the very rooms you can walk through.
Adjacent to the palace are the remains of Holyrood Abbey. Founded by David I in 1128 it was used as a parish church through the 17th century. It has been a ruin since the 18th century. It suffered damage during "The War of Rough Wooing" by English troops and continued its decline after the Scottish Reformation. There is something in me that loves nothing more than a ruined abbey/cathedral. It seems impossible that something so unbelievable could simply be allowed to fall apart. Especially an abbey situated so close to the royal residence. However it happens, it makes for a beautiful sight.
So that was all of Edinburgh for this trip. It's definitely a city I'll come back to.